The president of the United States is elected through an electoral vote. The electors are representatives from various districts who win by a majority of the popular vote. Each state, with respect to its population, is divided into different districts, e.g., New York: 29, California: 55; the number of electoral votes is 538, corresponding to the total number of districts in the country.
A candidate wins a presidential election by a majority of 271 votes or more.
It’s important to learn the power a President inherits when he is elected to office.The choice of a preferred candidate decides the fate of the country and the world in general. Resources at his disposal are of appropriate notice to a citizen which are inherited as privileges on being elected as the first citizen of the country.
His formal powers defined by the Constitution include:
a) He is the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces
b) He is the Country's Chief Diplomat: The President does not conduct most of the diplomacy, but appoints ambassadors in State Department officials. He is assigned the power to make treaties mostly written by those officials.
The President can also legitimize a nation state when he receives an ambassador of a country.
c) The Constitution requires the President to inform Congress of the State of The Union which takes the form of an annual state of the union address, which is a chance for the President to set a policy agenda for the next year, putting pressure on the Congress.
d) The president has a formal legislative power to veto laws passed by the Congress and to convene Congress into special sessions.(Veto is the power to stop the enactment of legislation unilaterally)
e) Judicial powers enable him to appoints judges with the consent of the Senate.
f) The power to grant pardons and reprieves when imprisoned or threatened with a criminal prosecution.
The framers of the constitution wanted a limited government, one who couldn't oppress the people. Afraid of a high executive like a king, they deliberately curtailed his powers by not giving him many.
However, over a period two centuries(240 years or so) the powers of the President have expanded far beyond what the framers had envisioned.
His informal powers are either considered inherent to his office or implied by the written text of the constitution.